SPSS primarily deals with ad-hoc analysis, hypothesis testing and predictive analytics.

It can extract data from diverse file types and use them to generate tabulated reports, charts, and plots of distributions and trends.

Some of the statistical tools included in the software include:

  • Descriptive statistics such as cross tabulation, frequencies, descriptives, explore, descriptive ratio statistics
  • Bivariate statistics including means, t-test, ANOVA, correlation (bivariate, partial, distances), Nonparametric tests
  • Prediction for numerical outcomes e.g. linear regression
  • Prediction for identifying groups such as factor analysis, cluster analysis (two-step, K-means, hierarchical), discriminant